Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach wall and causes discomfort, heartburn, and even nausea and vomiting. People suffering from chronic gastritis are often afraid to eat to avoid their discomfort. Therefore, in this article, we will give you advice on how an adequate diet for gastritis should be.
Keep reading and find out more!
What are the causes of gastritis
One of the most common causes of gastritis is infection by a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. In developed countries, this bacterium could be infecting 50% of the population, although only 15% of them develop the disease.
What makes see that it is very influenced by genetic or environmental factors (food, smoking, etc.). Anyway, this is not the only cause of gastritis but there are others such as:
- Continuously take certain medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen.
- Too much alcohol, tobacco or drugs.
- Autoimmune disorders such as pernicious anemia.
- Stress or high anxiety, because it increases gastric acid and causes what is called gastritis nervosa.
- The abuse of copious, heavy or spicy foods.
How should the diet for gastritis be?
The diet for gastritis consists of a nutritious and healthy diet in which those foods that feel better to the stomach are increased. In addition, those that may be harmful or irritating should be avoided.
Through a proper diet for the stomach, it is possible to help improve digestion, reduce pain symptoms, and thereby reduce inflammation and gastric discomfort. It is important to remember that in the treatment of gastritis medical monitoring is always necessary.
General dietary guidelines for gastritis
When preparing menus for people with gastritis, the following food tips should be taken into account:
- The meals should be little abundant: if necessary you can eat more often but not until you feel totally full.
- Promote the most recommended foods for the stomach: potatoes, rice, carrots, pumpkins, cooked cabbage, apple, ripe banana, and olive oil.
- Soft cooking: preferably, steamed, boiled, pureed, soups or creams. Avoid excessive sautéing, plates, toast or very dry or undercooked foods.
- Do not drink too hot food or drinks
- Drink water all day
Examples of menus for gastritis
Remember that this diet could help you reduce the discomfort of gastritis but it has no curative character.
- Semi-skimmed milk with sugar/yogurt
- White bread with jam/cookies/ two slices of white bread with turkey ham.
- 1 tablespoon low-fat white cheese
For the half mornings
- Roasted or compote fruit / Peach, apple or grape juice/fruit recommended
For the food
- Starter: Zucchini purée / Boiled potatoes with Swiss chard / Garden rice / White macaroni with cooked ham, zucchini, and eggplant.
- Background: Skinless roast chicken drumstick / Grilled veal / Boiled hake / Baked shank.
- Dessert: Mature banana / Peach in syrup / Roasted pumpkin / Curd with sugar / Homemade custard made with skimmed milk.
For the snack
- Infusion with sugar and cookies / Natural yogurt / Small fruit.
- Starter: Boiled green beans, carrots, and potatoes / Vegetable puree / Chicken soup with noodles / Borage with potato.
- Background: Grilled breast with steamed potato / Grilled york ham / Grilled sole with cooked carrot / Baked halibut / French or zucchini omelet.
- Dessert: Roasted apple / Ripe pear / Fresh cheese with quince / Vanilla Flan.
Note: If you want to improve digestion you can increase the consumption of some infusion with digestive properties.
Finally, do not limit your diet more than necessary. Think that you should follow these recommendations but always thinking about your personal tolerances. Try that your diet, within its restrictions, is as varied and complete as possible. Also, if you improve, you can progressively introduce more food into your diet.